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Tap dance

Tap dance

Throughout the nineteenth century, tap dance was developed in the United Stated, and today it is very popular in different parts of the world. The name comes from the tapping sound made when the small metal plates on the dancer's shoes touch a hard floor.

Tap dance is a form of American theatrical dance using defined rhythmical patterns of foot movement and perceptible foot tapping. It is derived from the customary clog dance of northern England, the jigs and reels of Ireland and Scotland, and probably the rhythmic foot stamping of African dances. The dance was popular in diversity shows and early musicals.

Tap dancers make recurrent use of syncopation. Choreographies usually start on the eighth or first beat count. Another characteristic of tap dancing is improvisation. This can either be done with music and follow the beats offered or without musical accompaniment, that is known as a capella dancing.
One type of tap dancing is the "rhythm tap", where the dancer dances only with their legs, making a louder, more grounded sound; Hoofers dance this kind of tap.

Common tap steps comprise the shuffle, shuffle ball change, flap, flap heel, cramp roll, buffalo, Maxie Ford, time steps, pullbacks, wings, cincinnati, the shim sham shimmy, Irish, Waltz Clog, shuffle hop step, running flaps, running shuffles, sugar, and the paddle and roll, slap, stomp, running slaps, brushes, and scuffs. Other steps comprise flap, hotsteps, heelclicks.